Archive for the ‘The University spy’ Category


After attending the #Midwives4all campaign, focusing on youths, and how the midwifery profession is under looked.

some reasons why many of us did not give the  midwifery profession a thought while filling in the Joint admission Board (JAB forms) made more sense.midwives

Memories of filling in the JAB form,  we must have paid extra money for this form, but as an art  student, medicine wasn’t an option, Law and Journalism seemed more attractive

We were in the same hall as the science students, i cannot remember even one them offering midwifery or even thinking of becoming one. To revisit that memory, it would have sounded odd, if any student wanted to be a midwife. My expression would have been” As in “?

The idea that one would choose a certificate course over an undergraduate degree in either medicine or pharmacy was not only absurd but also under valuing parents’ money. (To many of my classmates)

However the discussion and fact sheets about how many children and mothers die in Uganda, did change my mind, some of these statistics had my mouth dropping:

  • The situation in Uganda
    • Every day, 20 women die during pregnancy and child-birth in Uganda
    • The maternal mortality rate increased from 435/100,000 in 2009 to 438/100,000 in 2014
    • 42% of the maternal deaths occur among young women
    • In addition to the maternal deaths, many more women suffer from maternal morbidity – obstetric fistula is among the most severe
    • 57% of Ugandan women deliver in a health facility
    • The required number of trained midwives in public health facilities in Uganda is 6,061, however only 76% (4,607) of the positions are filled
    • There are great disparities across regions. Overall, 40% of the country’s midwifes serve the rural population
    • On average, a Ugandan midwife delivers between 350-500 babies each year. This is more than double the number recommended by WHO (175 births per year per midwife)
    • For every 1,000 children born in Uganda, 90 die within their first year of living

 

The figures are alarming, could they be exact? I asked about 20 of my friends if they knew anyone who had died from child-birth, and they all had a definitive no.

But never the less, i am still convinced that we need more midwives in Uganda

Our education system teaches us to aim for the highest, if you do sciences, there are outlined professions, the choice of branching off after senior four to focus on the technical institutions is alway portrayed as a last resort and not the ideal of putting one’s skills to use.

Listening to the discussion the main points that seemed to transcend through, were the “cultural aspect” and then the education system.Many young men present said it was just odd to be a male midwife. Others laughed at the shocking idea that a male midwife would be even considered.

I guess our generation could use more sex education, that were young womyn and men are aware of their bodies and needs, there should be a crack on the sex as myth, that way we prevent the ridiculous teenage pregnancies that are killing many of the young womyn.

Lastly we need all the midwives we can get as a country, more hospitals and health care service centres brought nearer to the people.



If there was an artist that made Luguanda beautiful and worthy listening to, it is Maddox for me. As an early 90’s born child, the music i grew up listening was the cocktail, but mostly western and Congolese, until Maddox, whose music i still enjoy with the same intensity.

Ssematimba was born in Kampala in 1971. He attended Makonzi Boarding Primary School and Busoga College Mwiri. Before choosing a path in music, Ssematimba worked as amaddox primary school teacher. He relocated to Stockholm, Sweden in 1991, when he was 21 years old. While performing in night-clubs to pay for his computer studies, he met Kenneth “Mafo” Ssejjemba Magoye, a fellow musician, who introduced him to Aggrey Ssembatya, the proprietor of Small Axe Productions.

He moved to Göteborg where he eventually began work on his albums at Small Axe Studios. He wrote, composed, arranged, programmed, performed, co-mixed and produced all the songs on the albums while Aggrey engineered and co-mixed the albums.

His music tells about love, unity, social justice, peace and everyday issues in songs such as Irene, Tukolagane, Omwami N’omukyala, Kampala, Come Let’s Rock. In the same songs, the feel-good factor comes out strongly. If you have seen him perform, you will appreciate the psyche he puts in his delivery and presence that naturally pulls an emotional chord with the audience, thanks to his good guitar skills and commanding lyrics.

I had a chance to watch live him at crock and rhyme , a 40-40 Charity concert, his voice has the ability to transform and dead audience and take it to church and back to the club. (now you can imagine how confusing that would be for anyone)

As a loyal fun, i hope someone re-discovers a great talent that Uganda has before it is too late.

PS: This was a class assignment I enjoyed writing.


Deputy Speaker Oulanyah and Speaker Kadaga

Deputy Speaker Oulanyah and Speaker Kadaga

Game of thrones, should have focused an episode on Ugandan parliament. Only difference is that our speakers fight sometimes for the “right thing” but the end game is promotion, popularity and little concern of the public or taxpayers money, we are collateral damage.

Deputy Speaker Oulanyah made the first move this year as he reversed the decision to expel senior journalists from parliament. The ‘evil letter’ written by Clerk to Parliament, an order from parliamentary commission headed by Kadaga expelling all senior journalists from parliament.

Speaker Kadaga reacted by calling for an editor’s meeting, sticking to her guns, asking them to change the journalists covering parliament, although she had valid reasons, she has no authority to tell editors who to assign what beats and who to pull out.

Kadaga hit below the belt as she made history setting into motion a process that could put her on a collision course with her Deputy Jacob Oulanyah after she controversially overturned his decision that Parliament would not handle issues about KCCA before a definitive resolution is made over the Lord Mayor’s fate. Speaker Kadaga ruled that her deputy’s decision was “personal”.

Deputy Speaker Oulanyah in December last year ruled that Parliament would not handle business about City Hall unless the government decisively settles the disputes surrounding the contested impeachment of city Mayor Erias Lukwago. A Ministerial committee led by the Premier Ruhakana Rugunda was set up to handle the matter amid skepticism from the Opposition.

However-matters about KCCA were again on the floor as the Junior Finance Minister Fred Omach rose to present budget estimates for the City Authorities for the 2015/16 financial year.

MPs’led by the Leader of opposition in Parliament Wafula Oguttu brought the matter of Parliament’s position to Ms Kadaga’s attention warning that handling KCCA issues violates procedural rules as the House had committed not to handle KCCA issues.

I have extracts of the Hansard. On that day the [Deputy] Speaker advised government that we would not entertain any mater from KCCA until the political problems were solved. I would like to draw your attention to this and to ask this Parliament that we should respect our own decisions so that we are not a laughing-stock out there—when we say something let us respect it,” Mr Oguttu said.

What the Rules of procedure say:

Rule 78: “Decision of the Speaker or Chairperson” plainly instructs that the Speaker’s decision cannot be reviewed without a motion. Rule 78(2) states that: “The decision of the Speaker or Chairperson upon any point shall not be open to appeal and shall not be reviewed by the House except upon a substantive motion made after notice.

What happened was not a decision of the [Deputy] Speaker but also a decision of the House. If as legislators, we are to observe our own rules of procedure, a matter to do with KCCA cannot be dealt with until a substantive motion has been moved,” Mr Nuwagaba argued.

But Ms Kadaga ignoring all the opposition’s concerns ruled saying that Oulanyah had taken the initiative not to preside over matters about KCCA.

“The issue the Deputy Speaker was talking about was his personal decision not to preside over any matter on KCCA until the issues of governance were resolved.I want us to be realistic-what if the [impeding KCCA] Bill was brought for First Reading today, will he then say we shall not consider it. Where else would we have the Bill done other than this House? The Deputy Speaker said in his own words, in his own name. He said Jacob Oulanyah would not preside over KCCA issues, “MS Kadaga ruled.

Extract from Hansard on 19th Dec

THE DEPUTY SPEAKER: Honourable members, this issue of KCCA has posed a difficult situation in this House not only once, but many times and for some reason it happens when I am in the Chair. (Laughter) It is not a good situation to chair when outstanding matters that are easy to solve continue to be a problem and pose a threat to the progress of debate in the House.

I had earlier made a directive to the government side that this matter of KCCA should be resolved so that when matters come from KCCA we are able to, in a bipartisan manner, handle them expeditiously. Today, I will state again that personally, – and this is for the record – if these matters of governance in KCCA are not resolved with finality, I will not be ready to preside over a matter involving KCCA again. (Applause)

This is because it is a stressful experience, there are legitimate concerns being raised and these concerns are genuine. We requested that the matters be resolved and they are not. Each time I sit here, I get headaches about these matters. So, whether the loan is approved or not, if by the time we resume in February next year, the matter of administration and governance in KCCA is not resolved, no matter should be brought to this House that has anything to do with KCCA and the House expects that Jacob Oulanyah will be presiding; I will not. (Applause) I will not, because I am only a human being and I cannot preside over the same thing over and over.

Rt Hon. Prime Minister, I urge you that by the time we resume in February next year, if you will not have resolved this matter of governance in KCCA, be put on notice; Jacob Oulanyah will not preside over any matter involving KCCA if these governance issues in KCCA remain outstanding

I would like your commitment that you will adhere to what I have just said.

The leader of Opposition sarcastically asked Speaker Kadaga to state the right time, when the speakers preside over the house as people and when they are speakers of Parliament n your Kadaga.

“I seek clarification Madam speaker, when are you Kadaga the person and when are you the speaker of Parliament while seated in that chair? “ asked LOP Oguttu.

As if that wasn’t enough Kadaga last week tasked the Rules Committee to check the Hansard there by reviewing Deputy speaker Oulanyah ‘s ruling on the report on a petition. Oulanyah had ruled adopting the committee report on a petition on Land eviction of people of Lwemiyaga after no MP rose to debate the report, it was then adopted. After the adoption, MPs’Nzoghu, Ssekikubo seek to review ‪Parliament’s decision on its petition by Lwemiyaga County of Mar 3, 2015. MP Nzough and Ssekikubo, responsible for the monitory report begged the speaker to go back on his ruling to which Oulanyah rightly rejected, reminding them of time keeping.

The clash of the puppet masters continues, Deputy Speaker Oulanyah, your move!

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BACKGROUND

Government recognised the need for an integrated system to identify citizens for national planning, national security, democratisation, revenue collection, and service delivery and immigration control among other purposes. With   this system in   place, it   would offer   Government a valuable mechanism   for addressing its challenges in planning, security, and more efficient provision of social services.

 All the above are fundamental reasons needed for Uganda’s registration for its citizens, however, how applicable is the beautifully crafted law?

 The controversial clauses for example Clause 39) “Change of sex of a child”, saw many membersID of Parliament fold their sleeves, ready to rebuke anyone or anything that suggested change of sex, as homophobia kicked, many MPs’rebuked the west for this influence.

 Given Parliamentarians rather radical views on homosexuality, the old clause was “ change of sex “, it was later amended to read “Registration of Children born hermaphrodites” it provided that a media doctor verifies these children as hermaphrodites.

 One would perfectly understand MPs’ fear of the clause providing for change of sex given their “moral beliefs” but one has to put in mind that some Ugandans that leave their country and change their sex from female to male.

Does this mean they will not be registered as citizens?

 “We Parliament to pass laws while considering reality, that people change their sex.” Said Minister for Justice and constitutional Affairs Kahinda Otafiire

The response to the minister’s advice can only be compared to noise from the market place as MPs’ rebuked him and his views on homosexuality.Speaker Kadaga asked MPs’ to legislate carefully, for some children are born hermaphrodites, they have both male and female organs and they would need to be registered under the new bill.

 But even with this change in the clause, question remains on how many women in Uganda have no access to medical care when it comes to childbirth, so how do you expect one to reach a genetics doctor to verify the sex of a child?

 The law is packed with an unrealistic requirements, Clause 40 Sub clause 2) requires a Ugandan to have a national Identification before receiving any services from of government or any other institution providing, these services such as:

 One seeking employment; identification of voters; application for, and issuance of a passport; opening of bank accounts; buy of insurance policies; the purchase, transfer and registration of land by any person or any transaction connected with the purchase, transfer and registration of land; pension and social security transactions etc

 Key question is how many Ugandans did register for a national ID? With all the shortfalls in the registration system, there were media reports where some places had no computers, or personnel, lack of equipment.isn’t hypocritical for a Government that failed to provide this service to some of its citizens, to turn around and refuse its citizens access to services?

(To the unemployed youth, make sure you registered for your national ID before you start to look for employment)

 The law also prescribes the data collected from the national ID registration, may be used by the electoral commission to update, keep up the voter’s register.The opposition tried their best to fight this clause; they questioned how genuine the data collected was for the electoral commission to pick and use the data.

 “The entire registration process was handled by the militarily, how are we sure that they did not register ghosts given the upcoming 2016 elections” asked MP Muwanga Kivumbi

 With Uganda’s Ghost history, in the different sectors from ghost teachers, ghost hotels, the opposition is worried that come 2016 elections, we are likely to have legally recognised ghosts who can vote.

 If one has not registered, according to this law, one will not access social   services, including   social security services, health, education and welfare benefits; without the possession of a national ID.

 It is a fact that penalties should be put in place for anyone who does not register however to limit ones’ access to core services like Education and Health care is simply inhuman if one’s to consider the crafty registration process that Ugandans were subjected to.

 “Giving unguided power and discretion to a person to restrict a service is simply unfair to Ugandans given that it is the role of any Government to give these core services to its citizens” said MP Ssegona

 The Death certificate and burial permit, this is under Clause 4,A   certificate of cause of death shall be forwarded immediately by the medical officer to the registration officer.

 The medical officer shall, on signing a certificate of death, issue a disposal permit to the person taking charge of the body of the deceased. Incase a person dies and the cause of death is not known, then relatives have ask court for a burial permit before the body is disposed off.

Reading this clause, I actually thought it was a joke, given our hospital facilitates and the lack of storage room for dead bodies in Uganda, I wonder where the dead bodies will be kept as one waits for a death permit.

 Plus the judiciary system lacks judges to preside over these many of the legal matters, where will these judges be found?

Some religions like Islam demand that a person is buried that same day, then what happens if there is no judge or the investigation on the cause of death goes on for a month?With the deadly disease like Ebola, cholera, how is one supposed to wait for a burial permit before they dispose off the body?

 The aim of the law is to harmonize and combine the law on registration of persons; to offer for registration of people; to set up a national identification register; to set up a national registration and identification authority; to provide for the issue of national identification cards and aliens identification cards.

 In conclusion, The Registration of Persons Act is a law that Uganda needs, however it is in bad shape and needs a reality check before it can be passed into law.


Now that graduation is over, many graduates are moving from door to door, brown envelope clutched under their sweaty armpits, for the fear that the sweaty palms, coupled with the accumulated dust will ruin the neatness.

At least 400,000 graduates (including s6 leavers joining the work place) are produced each year at the various public and private universities thanks to liberalization of education. Unfortunately, projects registered by the Uganda Investment Authority show that only 150,000 jobs are created annually leaving an estimated 250,000 potentially jobless.

unemployment-line

Youth in Uganda are an undeveloped power; we are largely ignorant of our own capacity, often without inward guidance towards our vocation; we are unadjusted to the society in which we must find a place considering we take up 70% of the population.

Full of energy and aspiration, yet we do not know how to expand the one or realize the other. Because our education system has made it a point, that we aspired to be professionals, studied particular subjects, our energy focused on achieving that dream of being a doctor, lawyer, journalist.

Even the job market teaches specialization in what you do. Now many are finished with school, only to be vomited out by the same education system and the specialized employment sector that taught them the things we know.Left to search for employment, yet one studied to become a doctor, the job market dictated that the only way to become a doctor is through medicine school.

“Youth is possibility; that is its charm, its joy, and its power; but it is also its limitation. ”

“George Eliot has pointed out a striking peculiarity of childish grief in the statement that the child has no background of other grief’s against which the magnitude of its present sorrow may be measured.”

Many employers want experience, how do you ask me for 3 years experience when I spent my childhood waking up at 6 am to go to kindergarten and specialize for the job market says so, so when youths whine about unemployment, they have nothing to compare to the grief they feel after all the years in school.

I challenge employers to recognise that good employees are made in the workplace and not in the classroom, to incur the cost of training youths to fit the kind of employees that they are looking for.

The necessity of working gives society steadiness and stability; when a large population of 70% youths are freed from this necessity, irresponsible mobs take the place of orderly citizens, and the crowd of idlers must be fed and amused to be kept out of mischief, this is the dilemma that Uganda is facing.

The daring schemes of youths enlisting themselves under the National Association of the Unemployed (NAU) with others branding themselves as “poor youths” “Unemployed youths” depicts a disgruntled constituency with capacity to endanger national security. Soon this will be breeding ground for anger and frustration that many harbour.

(And who would blame them?)

Others blame the absence of vocational training in higher institutions of learning, which instead promote elitist education as opposed to pragmatic skills. Vocational institutions teach the hands on kind of work, skills that would put icing on our “professional” courses we offer.

My solution to youth unemployment is focus of diversity, of the education system in terms of programmes,why can’t i offer physics and also study history? there should also be diversity in the job market.

I challenge fellow youths to pick interest and pursue things you love, be the doctor that paints for you love art, be the lawyer that writes fiction because writing is your passion, be the social scientist that finds vehicle mechanics fascinating, you never know when these passions could come in handy. But most importantly pick an interest Banage!

 


The Higher Education students Financing Act was passed on 12/12/2013, it was to harmostudent-loan-scheme-headernize public higher education financing by creating a central agency responsible for vetting applications for public education financing by introducing a students loan scheme.

While the basic arguments for the scheme are not in question, there are serious questions about the robustness of the Act’s operational framework to make sure that these broad goals as well as the more specific goals for students are realized.

The Rationale for Student Loans Scheme There are many arguments in favor of student loan schemes. Uganda, having recently joined over 70 countries that run such schemes, has incorporated several of these arguments as it has proposed and passed the Higher Education Students Financing Act. Despite these provisions under the Act, the Higher Education in Uganda has undergone significant changes related to use, institutional set up, number and differences among key players, and financing. It is doubtful if the government can secure and maintain adequate capitalization for the scheme.

There have been questions on;

1.Is there an efficient institutional management, including adequate systems for the selection of borrowers, the disbursement of loans, record keeping, data storage, and data processing?

2.Is there Sound financial management, including setting appropriate interest rates?

3.Are there Effective criteria and mechanisms for determining eligibility for loans, for targeting subsidies, and for deferring or forgiving loan requirements?

4.Is there an adequate legal framework to ensure that loan recovery is legally enforceable?

5.Is there Information and publicity to ensure that recipients understand the underlying principles and consequent obligations for the borrowing of repayment loans?

Weaknesses

With the corruption cases in Uganda, the key question many legislators, activists and youth ask is whether the loan scheme funds will stay put and not misused, case on point is, the findings of the report from the committee on Education on the ministerial policy statement and budget estimates for FY2014/15, a report that was read and tabled on the floor of parliament.

The Committee observed that during FY   2013/14 UGX 6bn was allocated towards the Higher Education Students’ Financing Scheme of which UGX 5bn was to cater for students’ loans and the balance of UGX 1.0bn for administrative purposes. However, the Committee learnt that the real release was UGX, The task force on pre­ utilized 4.5bn. Of this amount, UGX 1.52bn ,Implementation   operations   while UGX   1.29bn was transferred to   Higher Education Students’ Financing Board account instead of UGX 2.98bn.

The Committee noted with concern that the balance of UGX 1.69bn was diverted to other activities in the Ministry of Education and Sports. The committees recommended that UGX 1.69bn recovered from the   Ministry of Education and   Sports to be used to extend loans to struggling, continuing Students.

The Act does not address parents / students attitudes to grants / loans where non-payment may go beyond a mere resistance to honoring the debt. The other question that many ask is, What will happen to students who are granted loans but who do not graduate (students drop out, but stay liable for their debt).

Unemployable has been another key area for many of the policy analysts to look into; According to a 2008 World Bank Report, Uganda is among the countries with the youngest population and the highest youth unemployment rate of 83%.

To further lend credibility to these findings, in the 2011/2012 budget of Uganda, the Minister of Finance recognised that because of the high levels of unemployment, the Ugandan economy could only absorb 20% of its youth.

You have to ask yourself whether government is setting up youths for a disappointment and frustration, with Uganda’s unemployment rate, how does one except youths to repay the loan? These are among many of the concerns that have been raised by educators, students and policy makers as well as those on the Parliamentary Committee.

As the Scheme is launched there will no doubt be other concerns about the extent to which the scheme can address efficiency and equity concerns in a differentiated Higher Education system in Uganda that has more private than public players. The loan scheme does not address inequalities within higher education financing and access.

This is made worse by the law does not give for clear eligibility criteria for accessing the loan scheme. The only eligibility criteria proposed by the sectoral committee of parliament pays attention to critical causes for national development (sciences). But this is not a criteria, it is a prioritization of financing.

During the parliamentary debate on the education committee report, members of parliament were concerned that the loan scheme had been awarded to only students offering sciences and not humanities, the minister for Education Hon Jessica Alpo confirmed their fears by saying that the loan scheme was now focusing on students offering sciences as a property. This raised the question of equity of the loan scheme.

The timing of the loan is very critical in so far as; the loan scheme was introduced towards the notational elections. This may affect repayment as those who will get access to the scheme may think of it as political money. It may as well be abused and used for political ends, if not well safeguarded.

It is not clear from the law if this law is intended to finance higher education only in public universities, or whether private university students can also access the loan scheme; During the parliament debate on the Education committee report, Hon Anywar raised the question on why many of the candidates that had qualified for the loan scheme were mainly from Kampala International university It is also likely that the loan scheme can be used to control student activism at public universities; what happens if the students who are under loan scheme but show against some government policies of laws?

In conclusion, how will the loan scheme address the unemployment problem when our education system focuses on job seeking and not job creators? Over to you readers.

Check http://www.parliamentwatchuganda.org for an analysis of the Law !


Unemployment is not only an African problem but also a worldwide known disaster, Majority of the governments are looking at entrepreneur skills as the salvation to this disaster.

The immediate solution that many have resorted to is to equip the youths with entrepreneurship skills.

ImageHowever equipping the youth with entrepreneur skills is not enough, their attitudes have to change.

 

In Uganda 83%youths unemployed, considering that 78% of Uganda’s population is made up of youths this is a ticking bomb that the government is sitting on. There has been some incentive by government to solve the unemployment problem by giving them money, for example the sack of money that president Museveni handed over to the youths in Busoga religion containing about $100,000 is not an answer to the unemployment problem.

 

More focus should be given to Agriculture, as one of the solutions to the over whelming unemployment problem.

 

Kampala is NOT the answer should be campaign started by the government to try to change the mind-set of many of the young people in the country.

Many youth in Uganda especially those that have gotten through school cannot think about becoming farmers, they would rather wear a suit and keep walking on the streets in search of a white collar job because or colonial education system prepares us for a white collar job.

Many youths view agriculture as an illiterate occupation, dirty and not fun!

 

Even after colonialists, the youth mind is still tied down to the constant, very irritating view that what is right, the notion that after graduation, the only solution is to wear a suit and report to the office every morning, and if you do not have a white-collar job, at least wear a suit in the morning accompanied with your CV and knock on office doors in search for one!

 

If the government focused on changing the minds of many of the unemployed and employed youths, that indeed agriculture is a salvation to the unemployment crisis that Uganda is facing.

 

Uganda is an Agro-based country, even with the oil dream and excitement, agriculture will remain as one of Uganda’s exports, and food is also a necessity for all Ugandans.

 

There are so many Agricultural schemes both private and government that use as many 4000 youths in Uganda, boost it’s exports and at the same time give the country with food.

According to Uganda rural fund, 80%of Uganda’s population practices agriculture in one way or another meaning that 2 out of 3 people carry out agriculture.

 

The Labor force – by occupation agriculture in Uganda is: 82% industry: 5% services: 13% (1999) GDP – composition by sector agriculture: 23.9% industry: 26.1% services: 49.9% (2012 est.) according to (Uganda Economy Profile 2013 – Mundi)

Agriculture received 585Billion shillings (FY 2012/13) Budget Speech 2012/13 If some money is budgeted as a government indicative to solve the unemployment problem.

It is the youth same energy both physical and brain wise, needed to boast the Agriculture sector.

 So to many youths out there, with some idle land that belongs to grand parents or is ours, do not just let the weeds enjoy the soil nutrients don’t be selfish, like Koshens says ‘do sumthin’ no offense to my Koshens fellows but I will take Obama’s slogan “ Yes we can”.


What is an African pension system is there a system like that? These were some of the many questions running through my mind, tired of talking to myself, I decided to bridge the idea to a friend of mine, try and probe his sexy brain for answers, after a series of arguments, we agreed that the girl child was the African pension system.

 

 In the traditional African society, a girl child was a device to solve the narrative plot of the African pension system. The social security was built around a woman, the anchor. 

 To put it into perspective, our great grand parents had a pension systemImage that worked perfectly for them, the presence of a girl child was a major factor in their pension system, the retirement package for the hard work. 

Pensions are a form of social security if you have gotten your working years, but it in the long term assert. The African traditional system was centered on inheritance,

Pride price was a down payment and this is how it worked.

  When you pay dowry to a man in form of cows, in return for a hand in marriage of his daughter, he would expand his hut, and then in turn pay dowry for his sons and they expand their clan.

Women were the subjects of this gift making a form of savings for society, the more the girls the more savings, this was a form of bridging gaps in clans, creating affiliation to   various clans, everything that the girl brings home as a girl is giving back to the man. 

In the meantime while the inheritance passes down from father to son, we had network of associated communities, on the reduction of conflicts and investment was in giving birth.

The boy goes home learns the trade of their fathers, the girls go home and learn the trade of their mother.

 This kind of pension system strengthen society, maintained discipline from both parties because they have something to gain, the silent laws on pension in the African society are simply amazing.

Considering that the colonist’s disrupted economy one cannot live in the past forever In Uganda we have pension system and laws that do not seem helpless in this sector and more are to come.

This pension system has been replaced by a couple of pension laws for example ,In Uganda we have a couple of existing pension systems like;

 Immature Pension System: No national Pension System (Pea-in-the-Pod) but there is a number of schemes serving a small portion of the population, namely:

 NSSF – where all private sector employees make mandatory contribution; PSPF – for public employees (public servants), Local Government Scheme (same as PSPF with decentralized administration), Armed Forces Scheme, Occupational Pension schemes (Parastatals, Banks, Telecom Cos, etc.)

 All the above pension systems are just not working for the Ugandan people, so I decided to put subject up for solutions and my idea was to copy the African pension system.

The question still remains how do we get our pension laws to work effectively like the African pension system worked, what is lacking in our new laws that is messing up everything??? Over to you readers.

 

 


‘With or without Media’s permission, parliament has a right to form a forum on media, media is not a member of the forum, it is only represented by the forum’ says Hon. Ssemujju Nganda.

The Parliamentary Forum on the Media, launched by the Speaker of the House, Rebecca Kadaga, on 7th Nov, it is composed of 35 MPforums and in association with members of the Uganda Parliament Press Association and the Uganda Journalists Association (UJA).

Parliament has not been sleeping about the media laws. We have enacted a number of laws in defense of the media; such as, the Access to Information Act was a private members initiative by Hon Abdu Katuntu, which was taken over by the government. We are ready to do more,” Ms Kadaga said.

Uganda Journalists Association came up with the idea starting up the Parliamentary forum on media, with the GIZ a German donor, they asked Uganda Parliamentary Press Association if we can come on board.

With UPPA’s agreement to come on board, they then carried out the recruitment of MPs’ who they wanted to come on board and spearhead the forum, after the launch of the forum on 7th of November, the MPs’ are now in the process of voting for their ideal board members.

The Steering committee is holding elections on which MP is to take what place on the forum’s board, journalists (UPPA and UJA) want donors to come out with secretariat body which will include journalists to help in decision-making and supply MPs’ with the needs of media.

The MPs’, many of them former journalists or politicians engaged in the media reform debate, will be available to listen to the concerns of the media industry and to advocate for change on the floor of Parliament.

The forum’s membership is strictly for MPs’ with different positions like chairperson, V.C all taken up by MP’s, the chair of the Parliamentary Forum on media is Hon.Nalubega Mariam Woman MP Butambala, Hon Bayigga Michael is Vice Chairperson of the forum.

Each forum in parliament for example the Parliamentary forum on youth and children has a budget allocation from parliament, and also can have funders giving donations in form of funds who are interested in helping or pushing the agenda of the forum. This will also apply to the parliamentary forum on Media.

The role of the forum is to represent Media and freedom of speech, expression. The forum would also be used to discuss other material concerns of journalists like poor pay and better job treatment and working conditions.

 

‘It would be a good idea, if the forum is to advocate for the interests of journalists and media at large and amend the bad laws affecting journalists like the Terrorism Act,’ says Ssebayiga a Journalist who has covered parliament for the last 12 years

However, the role played by parliamentary Forum on media are covered under the different laws in Uganda for Example the Press and Journalists Act, Article 41 of the constitution, Uganda communications Act all protect journalists.

On top of the media laws, there are bodies like the Ugandan Human Rights Watch for journalists, Uganda Journalists Union etc all fight for Media Rights.

The parliamentary forum on media which is made up of MPs’ will not only give journalists a direct hand at influencing the parliament decisions on laws affecting the media, the contradictory issue in the consist of journalists.

The bigger question is, with a forum that is made up of MP’s on it’s board, meaning that decision-making is in the hands of the MP’s, same goes for accountability of the different funds that will be given to the forum whether donor money of budget allocation by parliament itself.

‘It is a scheme by MPs’ to make money off journalists, many of the MPs’ will be traveling abroad to attend conferences about journalists, to make matters worse they forum is working with members of Uganda journalists Association whose term is about to expire who also have a tinted image’ says Isaac Imaaka a Daily Monitor Journalist

It is the duty of Ugandan parliament press association is to hold MPs’ accountable to society and play the watch do role, with the parliamentary forum on media, it is a comprise for journalists and the kind of stories they will write, it is very difficult for a journalist to be balanced in writing a story on MPs who are fighting and working hand in hand with helping journalists.

The creation of  this media forum posses a threat to the journalists ethics, it also questions the code of conduct of some of the journalists who will be covering parliament more so the UPPA journalists.

In conclusion, the parliamentary forum on media has many of the journalists conflicted on it’s idea, a question on whether the forum was introduced on selfish gains for politicians and the top members of the Uganda journalists association and Uganda parliamentary press association, or the general question by many of the Ugandans on how media and different journalists associations are not united

 

 


The first time I was hearing the term, ‘munyago’. In my little brain, the term did not make sense.

During a discussion in the Parliamentary newsroom, it a fairly large room equipped with desktop computers, Internet, all provided for by Parliament of Uganda.

However some journalists carry their own laptops.

The conversation,  whose content kept bouncing back and forth but the common denominator was the term Munyago, many of the parliamentary reporters joking and laughing their heads off about who gets the hugest ‘Munyago, and which MP provides the particular Munyago’..

Munyago is a luganda briberyslang, Luganda is on of the many languages spoken in Uganda, The term was introduced to parliament by Honorable Ssekikubo, one of the Rebel’ MP’s during the famous oil debate.

The term Munyago in Luganda means ‘ to grab something’, like grab something that is not initially yours but once you take it, you own it’ the member of parliament .

Honorable Ssekikubo used the term to refer to the public theft of government funds and luck of transparence in the oil sector.

Munyago ‘ was then born as the latest slang among the Parliamentary Reporters.

The life of many of the Parliament journalists and I can say many of the journalists in Uganda is fiction material, in regard to journalism ethics, but if one attempted to write it as a novel, the result would be preposterously unbelievable.

It is all but impossible, to find a neutral voice when it comes to some journalism practitioners, the easy with which the parliament reporters speak about Munyago, was a rude awakening to, and a realization the journalism do not survive the corruption in Uganda.

My only questions are ‘ where the hell, did professionalism go? Where did ethics go, conscience?

Ohh well I guess they went with the poverty level and poor pay of journalists by media houses.

Many of the press briefs, conferences that reporters attend, and their content is not really headline materials or blockbuster story.

The workshops that journalists attend and UGX100, 000 is handed out to each as transport refund and allowances for a conference is just a corrupter of the young.

You know like Kelly Rowland’s song,’ Baby I maybe you motivation’ Or for some that had parents giving you candy just to make you sleep or do whatever the parents want.

The MP’s also use is a ‘little red bull’ to boast the journalists morale to write their story and if possible write it from their angle.

Various youth functions and press briefs, the journalist are given transport refund, that many call ‘munyago.

What is more ridiculous is that there is no distance traveled or costs incurred, considering that the press brief room is only two floors ahead and there is an elevator for those that cannot take the stairs.

Not all journalists take this money that is signed for but most do take it.

A friend made an argument, that since the money is already signed for, and in the hands of whoever is holding the function, it is okay to take it and give to either street children or give it to charity.

For if it remained n the hands of the MP’s, they would still pocket it.

I do not know what you think, but for just a splint second, I actually thought it was a good idea, like ‘Good Corruption’.

At some point I think the public needs to know that the disease has widely spread, it’s the new cancer.

This is not only leverage for the government on the journalists because you sign for the money given, but also an assurance that many of the journalists are no different from them.

Some of the press briefs journalists go for, the incentives given is only food, or drinks.

My highlight of the ‘Munyago’ was during the chaos on the Public Order Management Bill

The opposition in their press brief gave out sodas to reporters.

That same day, the government/NRM in their press brief, gave out sodas and 20,000 to the journalists that attended the press conference.

So there is a  ‘Munyago’ competition between the opposition and the NRM, about who is voted the best ‘Munyago giver’ like many of the reporters say.

The bribe is also a campaign tool to many of the politicians, because if they are covered by all the radio stations and television stations, that is boasting their candidature, for the voters will listen to their ‘honorable saying something and feel represented, hence a second term at parliament. Uganda’s latest self-importance syndrome

About the quest for the truth in an unspecified, ye important institution like parliament, there is a long way to go!

I will catch you later folks, for now I can say a prayer for corruption in my country, FOR GOD AND MY COUNTRY.


Sitting on my bed with Emeli Sande ‘s voice booming from my ear phones, I decided to check out my daily news and idea source, (twitter) since the conversation around me on what kind of man to marry and how messed it gets after marriage was just about to get me exploding with boredom.

I landed on Simon Kaheru’s blog piece called ‘Kampala is NOT the answer’, after so many re-tweets I decided to check out, an interesting pointer for me.

A germ of a possibility was planted, a way to unite theory and it’s practical application, a way forward to solve the 83%youth unemployment problem, considering that 78% of Uganda’s population is made up of youths.

Kampala is NOT the answer should be campaign started by the government to try to change the mind-set of many of the young people in the country.

It is true that, not all youths are cut out for business, but I find myself compulsively arguing with each line of printer-writing in my mind, analyzing, considering the implications ,if more focus was given to Agriculture, as one of the solutions to the over whelming unemployment problem, hence my argument!

Like Simon Kaheru’s blog piece, I think ‘Kampala is Not the answer’ it is not only a title but a real campaign, to have as many youths as possible considering agriculture as an employment opportunity and not a the view that it is an illiterate occupation, dirty and not fun!

Even after colonialists, the youth mind is still tied down to the constant, very irritating view that all white man’s ideas are what is right, the notion that after graduation, the only solution is to wear a suit and report to the office every morning, and if you do not have a white-collar job, at least wear a suit in the morning accompanied with your CV and knock on office doors in search for one!

If the government focused on changing the minds of many of the unemployed and employed youths, that indeed agriculture is a salvation to the unemployment crisis that Uganda is facing.

Uganda is an Agro-based country, even with the oil dream and excitement, agriculture will remain as one of Uganda’s exports, and food is also a necessity for all Ugandans.

There are so many Agricultural schemes both private and government that use as many 4000 youths in Uganda, boost it’s exports and at the same time give the country with food.

According to Uganda rural fund,80%of Uganda’s population practices agriculture in one way or another meaning that 2 out of 3 people carry out agriculture.

Labor force – by occupation agriculture: 82% industry: 5% services: 13% (1999)GDP – composition by sector agriculture: 23.9% industry: 26.1% services: 49.9% (2012 est.) Population below poverty line24.5% (2009 est.) Labor force16.55 million (2012 est.) Labor force – by occupation agriculture: 82% (Uganda Economy Profile 2013 – Mundi)

Agriculture received 585 dsc01118billion shillings (FY 2012/13) Budget Speech 2012/13 if some money is budgeted as a government indicative to solve the unemployment problem.

It is the youth same energy both physical and brain wise, needed to boast the Agriculture sector:

So to many youths out there, with some idle land that belongs to grand paper or grand ma or is ours, do not just let the weeds enjoy the soil nutrients don’t be selfish, like Koshens says ‘do sumthin’ no offense to my Koshens fellows but I will take Obama’s slogan “ Yes we can”