Posts Tagged ‘Uganda’


It needs no introduction to the hall of infamy and tragedy what a police force at war with its charge can do. Neither is it enough now, as before, to use the defense of all rogue systems that a few “bad apples are at fault. This won’t do either in Nairobi or Kampala.

After the recent images of Police men riding on a Police van beat supporters of Besigye not once but twice on Television, we are past shock as we descend to red-faced anger.

People being battered like animals as if there is no human language and behavior to rely on to get the same result.

home01pixA police force that kills its own is at war with society. It sadly also announces that the society in question is at war with itself.

The debate on Police brutality isn’t new, as we have seen Parliament debate the issue all week, from Tuesday, Wednesday, now Thursday plenary sitting as MP Kivumbi informed the Speaker he would present a detailed motion on the matter.

As Parliament dwells on who beat who, who needs to resign, here are my two cents on what the Uganda Police can do to avoid situation such as Kenya or worse;

First; create truth and reconciliation commission inquires, step it up using the LC1 system as a justice system, to reach the grass root and seek to amend the relationships between the public and Police.

Through the Uganda Parliament, Government can establish an Independent Police Oversight authority, just like the one in Kenya and South Africa.

IPOA would be empowered to check Police excesses as an Independent body, mandated by an Act of Parliament to provide for civilian oversight of the work of the Police.

The authority in Kenya is facing challenges in carrying out its work due to lack of trust from the Public and Police heads. With an empowered IPOA for Uganda, the country would clearly avoid a Police crisis.

A Commission of inquiry into corruption in Police, similar to that of Justice Ssebutinde to make recommendations it deems critical to professionalize and turn around the Police Force, even though it was a limited success, it should return.

Looking at the Human Rights Watch report, Stella Kabasinguzi, who had left her house briefly, seeking bread for her three children. The soldiers approached her home, and Kabasinguzi immediately raised her hands in the air. A soldier shot her, in front of her children. She died on the way to the hospital.

The report also investigated 13 separate incidents and documented several in which security forces shot live ammunition through the closed doors of peoples’ homes, killing those inside. For example, military units, some accompanied by police forces, deployed to Ndeeba on September 10th ordered people on the roads to return home. Witnesses told Human Rights Watch that uniformed soldiers, some wearing the red berets of the military police, began to attack people with sticks and batons to clear the streets.

It would be in the Government’s interest to come up with a clear legal Policy that shows the relationship between the army and the Police. So it would be easy for a body like IPOA to hold each accountable separately.

The Policy or law could have a clause on seconding military generals to the Police since evidence suggests little improvement in the rights record and potential to drag military (which is perceived as more professional) into the same trust issues.

As evidenced in videos by media houses on plain clothed men beating up civilians, the Police Force should also come up with a clear Policy on who wears uniform and who doesn’t and when are they acting as officers or are they off duty.

Similar to Uganda, Kenyan police have a poor Human rights record and regularly top the list in surveys of the least trusted professionals

Looking at a report from Amnesty International, Uganda Police over time has been voted as the leading Human Rights offender,

Police brutality and restrictions of the right to freedom of peaceful assembly increased. Attacks against activists, journalists and other media workers continued with impunity.

Another step would be to start by change of the name, drop the term “Police Force” all these have a negative connation to them and imply infringing on one’s freedom.

It is a gigantic task, but would be rewarding both to the public and Police at Large.

 

 

 

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As debate rages on the construction of a bunker to house the new cancer treatment machine at Mulago Hospital after the old one broke down, emerging evidence suggests that government has for the last three financial years been spending on the same facility.

This is contrary to what Elioda Tumwesigye, the Health Minister told parliament on April.12. Tumwesigye, who was presenting the ministerial statement, said that they were starting on the process of constructing the bunker, which would take six months, and required Shs. 30 billion, which had been released by Finance Ministry.

However, fresh details from ministerial statements reveal that the same ministry started the process of constructing the bunker in 2014 and received Shs. 1.2 billion, which was spent on construction of the same. In the following financial year, the ministry said they had planned to spend another Shs.5.3 billion on activities related to the bunker.

 

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For example, in the ministerial policy statement for financial year 2014/15, Ministry of Health in its budget shows, procurement of a bunker, payment of designs and structures for the machine.

When one looks at the policy statement for the coming Financial Year 2016/17, Ministry of Health lists construction of a bunker among it’s continued activities, meaning the process has gone on, for the last 3 financial years, so why has the ministry taken it’s time?

The question is why is the minister now saying that they are starting the whole process afresh yet they have in the previous budgets received and spent money on the same? Where is this money?Bunker 2.jpg

Why does the bunker now cost 30 Billion, yet the ministry lists it for 5.3Billion in FY 2014/15. Where has the budget allocation been going to, for the last 3 financial years?

The collapse of the radio therapy machine and the controversy surrounding the lack of a bunker to house a new one have stirred a lot of controversy.

Uganda is one of the countries with a high growth rate of cancer and the lives of some 44,000 who are referred here every year from all over Uganda as well as from neighboring countries including Rwanda, Burundi and South Sudan.

The machine that broke down was donated in 1995, and has required repair work on a number of occasions over the years. Radiotherapy is a treatment involving the use of high-energy radiation to target cancerous cells.

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As if that isn’t enough bad news about the radiotherapy machine, Mr Deo , a Senior radiation protection officer for the Atomic energy council, while appearing before Parliament’s committee on Natural resources informed MPs that Mulago was operating the machine illegally, as they had failed to pay license fees amounting to 800,000 per year.

He added that the Radiation workers in Mulago are not being monitored yet they are being exposed to radiation, which is a massive problem and could not give Mulago a new license without addressing the safety measures raised.

Mr Deo, informed MPs that the already existing bunker is capable of housing the radio therapy machine as they construct the new bunker, which means patients would still be able to access treatment if the problem was the bunker.

Minister Baryomunsi while on the floor of Parliament yesterday, informed the house of the plan to take up to 400 patients to Agakhan in Nairobi for radiothreapy, but how will it be done? who gets to go?  what money does Government plan to spend? All these questions were not answered.

As per the evidence, one-thing screams that Political heads either do not read documents written from their ministries, or someone has been quietly pocketing bunker money and is responsible for causing misery and pain as patients go home without treatment for the next 6 months.

Clearly, someone needs to resign.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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The journalism department is the oldest of its kind in the Eastern Africa Region.Like many of the oldest courses offered at Makerere University, it has gone through some changes.

My admission to Journalism school was a cocktail of excitement and sadness, the happiness was because it seemed to fall in line with my love for writing, frustrated because, law school would have to be put on hold.

The real shock came in when one of the lecturers entered class and asked, “ How many of you wanted to offer Journalism and communication? ” A few students shot their arms in the air. She then asked the rest of the class to list their preferred courses and with a sarcastic tone, she said, ” I hope you are ready for four years”.

Four years?! many of us cursed in union, while others thought it to be a prank,then it hit me, I was in Journalism school for four years, it seemed like a terrible decision at that point, the extra year came off as a waste of my years.

Besides the raised eyebrows i would always get from other students that were in a class below me in secondary, many would ask, ” I thought you had finished school” and i would always be forced to explain myself, informing them that journalism was four years, some believed, others seemed to think i was covering a year of retakes.

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Google map to Journalism Department.

Now that the four years are over, i still think journalism should be 3 years, there seemed to be so much focus on the theoretical part of the course and less on the practical aspect. The last year, is where all major practical skills are now thrust upon the students.

The first year should focus on the theory, then second and third year focuses on the practical aspect, because knows we need to change the breed of journalists, produce more ethical and able to deliver kind of Journalism.

All in all,the fours in Journalism have been the experience.   Below are some views from other finalists.


Deputy Speaker Oulanyah and Speaker Kadaga

Deputy Speaker Oulanyah and Speaker Kadaga

Game of thrones, should have focused an episode on Ugandan parliament. Only difference is that our speakers fight sometimes for the “right thing” but the end game is promotion, popularity and little concern of the public or taxpayers money, we are collateral damage.

Deputy Speaker Oulanyah made the first move this year as he reversed the decision to expel senior journalists from parliament. The ‘evil letter’ written by Clerk to Parliament, an order from parliamentary commission headed by Kadaga expelling all senior journalists from parliament.

Speaker Kadaga reacted by calling for an editor’s meeting, sticking to her guns, asking them to change the journalists covering parliament, although she had valid reasons, she has no authority to tell editors who to assign what beats and who to pull out.

Kadaga hit below the belt as she made history setting into motion a process that could put her on a collision course with her Deputy Jacob Oulanyah after she controversially overturned his decision that Parliament would not handle issues about KCCA before a definitive resolution is made over the Lord Mayor’s fate. Speaker Kadaga ruled that her deputy’s decision was “personal”.

Deputy Speaker Oulanyah in December last year ruled that Parliament would not handle business about City Hall unless the government decisively settles the disputes surrounding the contested impeachment of city Mayor Erias Lukwago. A Ministerial committee led by the Premier Ruhakana Rugunda was set up to handle the matter amid skepticism from the Opposition.

However-matters about KCCA were again on the floor as the Junior Finance Minister Fred Omach rose to present budget estimates for the City Authorities for the 2015/16 financial year.

MPs’led by the Leader of opposition in Parliament Wafula Oguttu brought the matter of Parliament’s position to Ms Kadaga’s attention warning that handling KCCA issues violates procedural rules as the House had committed not to handle KCCA issues.

I have extracts of the Hansard. On that day the [Deputy] Speaker advised government that we would not entertain any mater from KCCA until the political problems were solved. I would like to draw your attention to this and to ask this Parliament that we should respect our own decisions so that we are not a laughing-stock out there—when we say something let us respect it,” Mr Oguttu said.

What the Rules of procedure say:

Rule 78: “Decision of the Speaker or Chairperson” plainly instructs that the Speaker’s decision cannot be reviewed without a motion. Rule 78(2) states that: “The decision of the Speaker or Chairperson upon any point shall not be open to appeal and shall not be reviewed by the House except upon a substantive motion made after notice.

What happened was not a decision of the [Deputy] Speaker but also a decision of the House. If as legislators, we are to observe our own rules of procedure, a matter to do with KCCA cannot be dealt with until a substantive motion has been moved,” Mr Nuwagaba argued.

But Ms Kadaga ignoring all the opposition’s concerns ruled saying that Oulanyah had taken the initiative not to preside over matters about KCCA.

“The issue the Deputy Speaker was talking about was his personal decision not to preside over any matter on KCCA until the issues of governance were resolved.I want us to be realistic-what if the [impeding KCCA] Bill was brought for First Reading today, will he then say we shall not consider it. Where else would we have the Bill done other than this House? The Deputy Speaker said in his own words, in his own name. He said Jacob Oulanyah would not preside over KCCA issues, “MS Kadaga ruled.

Extract from Hansard on 19th Dec

THE DEPUTY SPEAKER: Honourable members, this issue of KCCA has posed a difficult situation in this House not only once, but many times and for some reason it happens when I am in the Chair. (Laughter) It is not a good situation to chair when outstanding matters that are easy to solve continue to be a problem and pose a threat to the progress of debate in the House.

I had earlier made a directive to the government side that this matter of KCCA should be resolved so that when matters come from KCCA we are able to, in a bipartisan manner, handle them expeditiously. Today, I will state again that personally, – and this is for the record – if these matters of governance in KCCA are not resolved with finality, I will not be ready to preside over a matter involving KCCA again. (Applause)

This is because it is a stressful experience, there are legitimate concerns being raised and these concerns are genuine. We requested that the matters be resolved and they are not. Each time I sit here, I get headaches about these matters. So, whether the loan is approved or not, if by the time we resume in February next year, the matter of administration and governance in KCCA is not resolved, no matter should be brought to this House that has anything to do with KCCA and the House expects that Jacob Oulanyah will be presiding; I will not. (Applause) I will not, because I am only a human being and I cannot preside over the same thing over and over.

Rt Hon. Prime Minister, I urge you that by the time we resume in February next year, if you will not have resolved this matter of governance in KCCA, be put on notice; Jacob Oulanyah will not preside over any matter involving KCCA if these governance issues in KCCA remain outstanding

I would like your commitment that you will adhere to what I have just said.

The leader of Opposition sarcastically asked Speaker Kadaga to state the right time, when the speakers preside over the house as people and when they are speakers of Parliament n your Kadaga.

“I seek clarification Madam speaker, when are you Kadaga the person and when are you the speaker of Parliament while seated in that chair? “ asked LOP Oguttu.

As if that wasn’t enough Kadaga last week tasked the Rules Committee to check the Hansard there by reviewing Deputy speaker Oulanyah ‘s ruling on the report on a petition. Oulanyah had ruled adopting the committee report on a petition on Land eviction of people of Lwemiyaga after no MP rose to debate the report, it was then adopted. After the adoption, MPs’Nzoghu, Ssekikubo seek to review ‪Parliament’s decision on its petition by Lwemiyaga County of Mar 3, 2015. MP Nzough and Ssekikubo, responsible for the monitory report begged the speaker to go back on his ruling to which Oulanyah rightly rejected, reminding them of time keeping.

The clash of the puppet masters continues, Deputy Speaker Oulanyah, your move!

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BACKGROUND

Government recognised the need for an integrated system to identify citizens for national planning, national security, democratisation, revenue collection, and service delivery and immigration control among other purposes. With   this system in   place, it   would offer   Government a valuable mechanism   for addressing its challenges in planning, security, and more efficient provision of social services.

 All the above are fundamental reasons needed for Uganda’s registration for its citizens, however, how applicable is the beautifully crafted law?

 The controversial clauses for example Clause 39) “Change of sex of a child”, saw many membersID of Parliament fold their sleeves, ready to rebuke anyone or anything that suggested change of sex, as homophobia kicked, many MPs’rebuked the west for this influence.

 Given Parliamentarians rather radical views on homosexuality, the old clause was “ change of sex “, it was later amended to read “Registration of Children born hermaphrodites” it provided that a media doctor verifies these children as hermaphrodites.

 One would perfectly understand MPs’ fear of the clause providing for change of sex given their “moral beliefs” but one has to put in mind that some Ugandans that leave their country and change their sex from female to male.

Does this mean they will not be registered as citizens?

 “We Parliament to pass laws while considering reality, that people change their sex.” Said Minister for Justice and constitutional Affairs Kahinda Otafiire

The response to the minister’s advice can only be compared to noise from the market place as MPs’ rebuked him and his views on homosexuality.Speaker Kadaga asked MPs’ to legislate carefully, for some children are born hermaphrodites, they have both male and female organs and they would need to be registered under the new bill.

 But even with this change in the clause, question remains on how many women in Uganda have no access to medical care when it comes to childbirth, so how do you expect one to reach a genetics doctor to verify the sex of a child?

 The law is packed with an unrealistic requirements, Clause 40 Sub clause 2) requires a Ugandan to have a national Identification before receiving any services from of government or any other institution providing, these services such as:

 One seeking employment; identification of voters; application for, and issuance of a passport; opening of bank accounts; buy of insurance policies; the purchase, transfer and registration of land by any person or any transaction connected with the purchase, transfer and registration of land; pension and social security transactions etc

 Key question is how many Ugandans did register for a national ID? With all the shortfalls in the registration system, there were media reports where some places had no computers, or personnel, lack of equipment.isn’t hypocritical for a Government that failed to provide this service to some of its citizens, to turn around and refuse its citizens access to services?

(To the unemployed youth, make sure you registered for your national ID before you start to look for employment)

 The law also prescribes the data collected from the national ID registration, may be used by the electoral commission to update, keep up the voter’s register.The opposition tried their best to fight this clause; they questioned how genuine the data collected was for the electoral commission to pick and use the data.

 “The entire registration process was handled by the militarily, how are we sure that they did not register ghosts given the upcoming 2016 elections” asked MP Muwanga Kivumbi

 With Uganda’s Ghost history, in the different sectors from ghost teachers, ghost hotels, the opposition is worried that come 2016 elections, we are likely to have legally recognised ghosts who can vote.

 If one has not registered, according to this law, one will not access social   services, including   social security services, health, education and welfare benefits; without the possession of a national ID.

 It is a fact that penalties should be put in place for anyone who does not register however to limit ones’ access to core services like Education and Health care is simply inhuman if one’s to consider the crafty registration process that Ugandans were subjected to.

 “Giving unguided power and discretion to a person to restrict a service is simply unfair to Ugandans given that it is the role of any Government to give these core services to its citizens” said MP Ssegona

 The Death certificate and burial permit, this is under Clause 4,A   certificate of cause of death shall be forwarded immediately by the medical officer to the registration officer.

 The medical officer shall, on signing a certificate of death, issue a disposal permit to the person taking charge of the body of the deceased. Incase a person dies and the cause of death is not known, then relatives have ask court for a burial permit before the body is disposed off.

Reading this clause, I actually thought it was a joke, given our hospital facilitates and the lack of storage room for dead bodies in Uganda, I wonder where the dead bodies will be kept as one waits for a death permit.

 Plus the judiciary system lacks judges to preside over these many of the legal matters, where will these judges be found?

Some religions like Islam demand that a person is buried that same day, then what happens if there is no judge or the investigation on the cause of death goes on for a month?With the deadly disease like Ebola, cholera, how is one supposed to wait for a burial permit before they dispose off the body?

 The aim of the law is to harmonize and combine the law on registration of persons; to offer for registration of people; to set up a national identification register; to set up a national registration and identification authority; to provide for the issue of national identification cards and aliens identification cards.

 In conclusion, The Registration of Persons Act is a law that Uganda needs, however it is in bad shape and needs a reality check before it can be passed into law.


Now that graduation is over, many graduates are moving from door to door, brown envelope clutched under their sweaty armpits, for the fear that the sweaty palms, coupled with the accumulated dust will ruin the neatness.

At least 400,000 graduates (including s6 leavers joining the work place) are produced each year at the various public and private universities thanks to liberalization of education. Unfortunately, projects registered by the Uganda Investment Authority show that only 150,000 jobs are created annually leaving an estimated 250,000 potentially jobless.

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Youth in Uganda are an undeveloped power; we are largely ignorant of our own capacity, often without inward guidance towards our vocation; we are unadjusted to the society in which we must find a place considering we take up 70% of the population.

Full of energy and aspiration, yet we do not know how to expand the one or realize the other. Because our education system has made it a point, that we aspired to be professionals, studied particular subjects, our energy focused on achieving that dream of being a doctor, lawyer, journalist.

Even the job market teaches specialization in what you do. Now many are finished with school, only to be vomited out by the same education system and the specialized employment sector that taught them the things we know.Left to search for employment, yet one studied to become a doctor, the job market dictated that the only way to become a doctor is through medicine school.

“Youth is possibility; that is its charm, its joy, and its power; but it is also its limitation. ”

“George Eliot has pointed out a striking peculiarity of childish grief in the statement that the child has no background of other grief’s against which the magnitude of its present sorrow may be measured.”

Many employers want experience, how do you ask me for 3 years experience when I spent my childhood waking up at 6 am to go to kindergarten and specialize for the job market says so, so when youths whine about unemployment, they have nothing to compare to the grief they feel after all the years in school.

I challenge employers to recognise that good employees are made in the workplace and not in the classroom, to incur the cost of training youths to fit the kind of employees that they are looking for.

The necessity of working gives society steadiness and stability; when a large population of 70% youths are freed from this necessity, irresponsible mobs take the place of orderly citizens, and the crowd of idlers must be fed and amused to be kept out of mischief, this is the dilemma that Uganda is facing.

The daring schemes of youths enlisting themselves under the National Association of the Unemployed (NAU) with others branding themselves as “poor youths” “Unemployed youths” depicts a disgruntled constituency with capacity to endanger national security. Soon this will be breeding ground for anger and frustration that many harbour.

(And who would blame them?)

Others blame the absence of vocational training in higher institutions of learning, which instead promote elitist education as opposed to pragmatic skills. Vocational institutions teach the hands on kind of work, skills that would put icing on our “professional” courses we offer.

My solution to youth unemployment is focus of diversity, of the education system in terms of programmes,why can’t i offer physics and also study history? there should also be diversity in the job market.

I challenge fellow youths to pick interest and pursue things you love, be the doctor that paints for you love art, be the lawyer that writes fiction because writing is your passion, be the social scientist that finds vehicle mechanics fascinating, you never know when these passions could come in handy. But most importantly pick an interest Banage!

 


The Higher Education students Financing Act was passed on 12/12/2013, it was to harmostudent-loan-scheme-headernize public higher education financing by creating a central agency responsible for vetting applications for public education financing by introducing a students loan scheme.

While the basic arguments for the scheme are not in question, there are serious questions about the robustness of the Act’s operational framework to make sure that these broad goals as well as the more specific goals for students are realized.

The Rationale for Student Loans Scheme There are many arguments in favor of student loan schemes. Uganda, having recently joined over 70 countries that run such schemes, has incorporated several of these arguments as it has proposed and passed the Higher Education Students Financing Act. Despite these provisions under the Act, the Higher Education in Uganda has undergone significant changes related to use, institutional set up, number and differences among key players, and financing. It is doubtful if the government can secure and maintain adequate capitalization for the scheme.

There have been questions on;

1.Is there an efficient institutional management, including adequate systems for the selection of borrowers, the disbursement of loans, record keeping, data storage, and data processing?

2.Is there Sound financial management, including setting appropriate interest rates?

3.Are there Effective criteria and mechanisms for determining eligibility for loans, for targeting subsidies, and for deferring or forgiving loan requirements?

4.Is there an adequate legal framework to ensure that loan recovery is legally enforceable?

5.Is there Information and publicity to ensure that recipients understand the underlying principles and consequent obligations for the borrowing of repayment loans?

Weaknesses

With the corruption cases in Uganda, the key question many legislators, activists and youth ask is whether the loan scheme funds will stay put and not misused, case on point is, the findings of the report from the committee on Education on the ministerial policy statement and budget estimates for FY2014/15, a report that was read and tabled on the floor of parliament.

The Committee observed that during FY   2013/14 UGX 6bn was allocated towards the Higher Education Students’ Financing Scheme of which UGX 5bn was to cater for students’ loans and the balance of UGX 1.0bn for administrative purposes. However, the Committee learnt that the real release was UGX, The task force on pre­ utilized 4.5bn. Of this amount, UGX 1.52bn ,Implementation   operations   while UGX   1.29bn was transferred to   Higher Education Students’ Financing Board account instead of UGX 2.98bn.

The Committee noted with concern that the balance of UGX 1.69bn was diverted to other activities in the Ministry of Education and Sports. The committees recommended that UGX 1.69bn recovered from the   Ministry of Education and   Sports to be used to extend loans to struggling, continuing Students.

The Act does not address parents / students attitudes to grants / loans where non-payment may go beyond a mere resistance to honoring the debt. The other question that many ask is, What will happen to students who are granted loans but who do not graduate (students drop out, but stay liable for their debt).

Unemployable has been another key area for many of the policy analysts to look into; According to a 2008 World Bank Report, Uganda is among the countries with the youngest population and the highest youth unemployment rate of 83%.

To further lend credibility to these findings, in the 2011/2012 budget of Uganda, the Minister of Finance recognised that because of the high levels of unemployment, the Ugandan economy could only absorb 20% of its youth.

You have to ask yourself whether government is setting up youths for a disappointment and frustration, with Uganda’s unemployment rate, how does one except youths to repay the loan? These are among many of the concerns that have been raised by educators, students and policy makers as well as those on the Parliamentary Committee.

As the Scheme is launched there will no doubt be other concerns about the extent to which the scheme can address efficiency and equity concerns in a differentiated Higher Education system in Uganda that has more private than public players. The loan scheme does not address inequalities within higher education financing and access.

This is made worse by the law does not give for clear eligibility criteria for accessing the loan scheme. The only eligibility criteria proposed by the sectoral committee of parliament pays attention to critical causes for national development (sciences). But this is not a criteria, it is a prioritization of financing.

During the parliamentary debate on the education committee report, members of parliament were concerned that the loan scheme had been awarded to only students offering sciences and not humanities, the minister for Education Hon Jessica Alpo confirmed their fears by saying that the loan scheme was now focusing on students offering sciences as a property. This raised the question of equity of the loan scheme.

The timing of the loan is very critical in so far as; the loan scheme was introduced towards the notational elections. This may affect repayment as those who will get access to the scheme may think of it as political money. It may as well be abused and used for political ends, if not well safeguarded.

It is not clear from the law if this law is intended to finance higher education only in public universities, or whether private university students can also access the loan scheme; During the parliament debate on the Education committee report, Hon Anywar raised the question on why many of the candidates that had qualified for the loan scheme were mainly from Kampala International university It is also likely that the loan scheme can be used to control student activism at public universities; what happens if the students who are under loan scheme but show against some government policies of laws?

In conclusion, how will the loan scheme address the unemployment problem when our education system focuses on job seeking and not job creators? Over to you readers.

Check http://www.parliamentwatchuganda.org for an analysis of the Law !


What is an African pension system is there a system like that? These were some of the many questions running through my mind, tired of talking to myself, I decided to bridge the idea to a friend of mine, try and probe his sexy brain for answers, after a series of arguments, we agreed that the girl child was the African pension system.

 

 In the traditional African society, a girl child was a device to solve the narrative plot of the African pension system. The social security was built around a woman, the anchor. 

 To put it into perspective, our great grand parents had a pension systemImage that worked perfectly for them, the presence of a girl child was a major factor in their pension system, the retirement package for the hard work. 

Pensions are a form of social security if you have gotten your working years, but it in the long term assert. The African traditional system was centered on inheritance,

Pride price was a down payment and this is how it worked.

  When you pay dowry to a man in form of cows, in return for a hand in marriage of his daughter, he would expand his hut, and then in turn pay dowry for his sons and they expand their clan.

Women were the subjects of this gift making a form of savings for society, the more the girls the more savings, this was a form of bridging gaps in clans, creating affiliation to   various clans, everything that the girl brings home as a girl is giving back to the man. 

In the meantime while the inheritance passes down from father to son, we had network of associated communities, on the reduction of conflicts and investment was in giving birth.

The boy goes home learns the trade of their fathers, the girls go home and learn the trade of their mother.

 This kind of pension system strengthen society, maintained discipline from both parties because they have something to gain, the silent laws on pension in the African society are simply amazing.

Considering that the colonist’s disrupted economy one cannot live in the past forever In Uganda we have pension system and laws that do not seem helpless in this sector and more are to come.

This pension system has been replaced by a couple of pension laws for example ,In Uganda we have a couple of existing pension systems like;

 Immature Pension System: No national Pension System (Pea-in-the-Pod) but there is a number of schemes serving a small portion of the population, namely:

 NSSF – where all private sector employees make mandatory contribution; PSPF – for public employees (public servants), Local Government Scheme (same as PSPF with decentralized administration), Armed Forces Scheme, Occupational Pension schemes (Parastatals, Banks, Telecom Cos, etc.)

 All the above pension systems are just not working for the Ugandan people, so I decided to put subject up for solutions and my idea was to copy the African pension system.

The question still remains how do we get our pension laws to work effectively like the African pension system worked, what is lacking in our new laws that is messing up everything??? Over to you readers.

 

 


Sitting on my bed with Emeli Sande ‘s voice booming from my ear phones, I decided to check out my daily news and idea source, (twitter) since the conversation around me on what kind of man to marry and how messed it gets after marriage was just about to get me exploding with boredom.

I landed on Simon Kaheru’s blog piece called ‘Kampala is NOT the answer’, after so many re-tweets I decided to check out, an interesting pointer for me.

A germ of a possibility was planted, a way to unite theory and it’s practical application, a way forward to solve the 83%youth unemployment problem, considering that 78% of Uganda’s population is made up of youths.

Kampala is NOT the answer should be campaign started by the government to try to change the mind-set of many of the young people in the country.

It is true that, not all youths are cut out for business, but I find myself compulsively arguing with each line of printer-writing in my mind, analyzing, considering the implications ,if more focus was given to Agriculture, as one of the solutions to the over whelming unemployment problem, hence my argument!

Like Simon Kaheru’s blog piece, I think ‘Kampala is Not the answer’ it is not only a title but a real campaign, to have as many youths as possible considering agriculture as an employment opportunity and not a the view that it is an illiterate occupation, dirty and not fun!

Even after colonialists, the youth mind is still tied down to the constant, very irritating view that all white man’s ideas are what is right, the notion that after graduation, the only solution is to wear a suit and report to the office every morning, and if you do not have a white-collar job, at least wear a suit in the morning accompanied with your CV and knock on office doors in search for one!

If the government focused on changing the minds of many of the unemployed and employed youths, that indeed agriculture is a salvation to the unemployment crisis that Uganda is facing.

Uganda is an Agro-based country, even with the oil dream and excitement, agriculture will remain as one of Uganda’s exports, and food is also a necessity for all Ugandans.

There are so many Agricultural schemes both private and government that use as many 4000 youths in Uganda, boost it’s exports and at the same time give the country with food.

According to Uganda rural fund,80%of Uganda’s population practices agriculture in one way or another meaning that 2 out of 3 people carry out agriculture.

Labor force – by occupation agriculture: 82% industry: 5% services: 13% (1999)GDP – composition by sector agriculture: 23.9% industry: 26.1% services: 49.9% (2012 est.) Population below poverty line24.5% (2009 est.) Labor force16.55 million (2012 est.) Labor force – by occupation agriculture: 82% (Uganda Economy Profile 2013 – Mundi)

Agriculture received 585 dsc01118billion shillings (FY 2012/13) Budget Speech 2012/13 if some money is budgeted as a government indicative to solve the unemployment problem.

It is the youth same energy both physical and brain wise, needed to boast the Agriculture sector:

So to many youths out there, with some idle land that belongs to grand paper or grand ma or is ours, do not just let the weeds enjoy the soil nutrients don’t be selfish, like Koshens says ‘do sumthin’ no offense to my Koshens fellows but I will take Obama’s slogan “ Yes we can”